Inferable from one scar in his right eye, Scarface was the oldest and most sought-after lion in the Mara. His machismo was legendary and coupled with his sturdy looks – a black exceptional mane that swept back from his forehead – Scarface was the face of survival and resilience. Scarface earned his moniker in 2012 when he lost his right eyelid while making a territorial grab with his three brothers Sikio, Morani and Hunter.

The fate of kings is not always glorious, indeed the passing of Scarface had been predicted long before this moment. Yet Scarface defied the odds, relying on his ability to stay close to the lionesses and cubs in whichever pride he was allied to at the time, meeting up on occasion with his three male relatives: Morani, Sikio and Hunter who together with Scarface were known as the four Musketeers.

The Warrior Spirit that we so respect in lions has been refined over centuries by nature’s creativity. The power and strength of these magnificent creatures makes us stand in silent awe. We immortalize them and feel propelled by their perseverance and assurance to live every second as though it were their last. We salute them for being themselves and honor them throughout everyday life and in death. Less than 10% of male lions reach old age, many experience horrendous wounds en route yet by one way or another endure. The hearty industriousness of wild lions has been sharpened through rivalry to ensure only the fittest survive and breed.

The inescapable fact of wild life is that when a past dominant male lion is deposed, starvation, being killed or incapacitated by other lions or torn to pieces by a pack of hyenas will likely be the cause of its eventual death. It’s quite rare for a wild lion to die peacefully and of natural causes, yet fortunately and fittingly, this is what has happened for Scarface. The passing of Scarface of natural causes marked a remarkable end for the most famous lion in the world. Scarface died in June 2021 at the age of 14.

Scarface had been a pride male for eight years, six of them with the same prides of females – a triumph by any lion’s principles. Throughout the span of his sensational rule, he had encapsulated what it is to be a male lion in these grasslands, with a daily existence accentuated by bloody battles, infanticide and violent conflicts with pastoralists. It was perhaps due to his blind right eye that Scarface was more proactive in altercations with his companions, regularly enduring wounds to that side of his face. In any case, he was a tolerant lion, allowing the numerous cubs he and the Musketeers sired to play with him, covering themselves in his mane as he kept watch on the lionesses.

During their reign in the Mara, Scarface and the Musketeers controlled the Marsh, Paradise, Serena and Rekero Prides, and more latterly, the Ol Keju Rongai Pride.

With his death, the Mara has lost yet another iconic lion.

Dream of Africa and chances are you dream of Maasai Mara. The Maasai Mara, a sprawling savannah in southwestern Kenya, is not just a wildlife sanctuary but a testament to the intricate interplay between nature and culture. Its name evokes images of endless grasslands dotted with acacia trees, where some of Africa’s most iconic wildlife roam freely. Maasai Mara is also home to the Maasai people, whose rich traditions and deep connection to the land add layers of meaning to this vast ecosystem.

It is the home to Africa’ Big Five species, as well as an abundance of other wildlife, including wildebeest, cheetah, hyena, giraffe and many more. It borders the Serengeti National Park Tanzania. The “Big Five,” symbolize the apex predators that dominate these lands. Lions, with their majestic manes and powerful presence, roam the savannah, embodying both grace and ferocity. Leopards, elusive and solitary, navigate the acacia trees with stealth and precision. Elephants, the gentle giants, traverse the Mara River in search of water and sustenance, their familial bonds and intricate social structures reflecting the complex dynamics of life in the wild. Buffalos, resilient and formidable, graze in large herds, while rhinoceroses, endangered and awe-inspiring, are a poignant reminder of the conservation challenges faced in protecting these majestic creatures.

Often described as nature’s greatest spectacles, the great migration is one of Africa’s dramatic stories. This occurs every year between July and October where more than 1.5 million wildebeests, zebras, gazelles and elands move mysteriously from the Serengeti in Tanzania to Maasai Mara in Kenya in search of grass and water. The Mara River, with its treacherous currents and lurking predators, becomes a pivotal point in their journey, where dramatic crossings test their endurance and instincts. The migration not only showcases the resilience of these animals but also underscores the Mara’s role as a critical habitat and migration corridor for countless species. This mass movement is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

From the western Serengeti the herds head north, following the rains (or their effects) into Kenya and the Maasai Mara Game Reserve. On their trek the wildebeests’ path is cut several times by rivers: in the Serengeti by the Mbalangeti and the Grumeti, and in Kenya by the Mara. For most of the year these rivers are relatively placid, but they can become violent torrents in response to rainfall in their catchment areas, and then they present major obstacles to the progress of the wildebeest.

Wildebeest arrive at the Mara River in their tens of thousands, and gather waiting to cross. For days their numbers can be building up and anticipation grows but many times, for no apparent reason, they turn and wander away from the water’s edge.

Eventually the wildebeest will choose a crossing point, something that can vary from year to year and cannot be predicted with any accuracy. Once on the grasslands of the Maasai Mara, the wildebeest spend several months feeding and fattening once more, taking advantage of the scattered distribution of green pastures and isolated rainstorms.

A remarkable feature of their wanderings is their ability to repeatedly find areas of good grazing, no matter how far apart. The physiology of the wildebeest is such that it has been designed by evolution to travel large distances very quickly and economically, apparently requiring no more energy to run a certain distance than to trudge along at walking pace. Every facet of its life and behavior is designed to save time – wildebeest even mate on the move, and newborns are, as we have seen, up and running in minutes.

While the wildebeest are drawn into migrating by the needs of their stomachs, the fact that they’re constantly on the move has the added benefit that they outmarch large numbers of predators. The predators are unable to follow the moving herds very far, for many are territorial and can neither abandon their territories nor invade those of others. Moreover, the young of most predators are highly dependent upon their mothers, who can’t move very far from them.

The Mara is not only famed due to wildebeest’s migration but also to unique sightings such as Tira, Tano Bora and the iconic Scarface.

Nicknamed after the driver guide that spotted the stunning dark-skinned zebra with black spotted polka dots, Tira was such an eye – catching sight. Tira’s black spots are due to pseudomelanism – a rare genetic mutation in the stripes pattern.

Tano Bora (the 5 musketeers or the 5 brothers) which means ‘Magnificent Five’ is a coalition of five male cheetahs that have claimed Mara as their stomping ground and have become popular for their incredible take downs of huge prey and their hunting prowess. Tano Bora have challenged so many assumptions about typical cheetah behaviour. Typically, once reaching adulthood, a male cheetah becomes solitary or joins another to form a pair. It is very rare to see a group this large bonding together. The Tano Bora are now four after Olpadan, formerly the leader of the pack left the coalition. After he lost one of his testicles in a fight with males in March 2019, his rank dropped. From the decision maker and leader of the group, he became the last in the chain and the last one to join the meal.

Owing to one scar in his right eye, Scarface is the oldest and most sought-after lion in the Mara. His machismo is legendary and coupled with his sturdy looks – a black exceptional mane that sweeps back from his forehead- Scarface is the face of survival and resiliencee. Scarface earned his moniker in 2012 when he lost his right eyelid while making a territorial grab with his three brothers Sikio, Morani and Hunter. Scarface died in June 2021 at the age of 14 of natural causes.

The Mara offers such breathtaking moments – an experience in the Mara is never the same from previous encounters. Each day offers a rewarding experience. Other rewarding activities are a balloon safari and a visit to the Mara village.

Maasai Mara Ballon Safari

The trip is magical, spend about one hour silently floating over the savannah in a hot air balloon and it will fill you with enough memories to last a lifetime. You take off in the wee hours of the morning, float in the sky, drifting with the whim of the wind, overlooking the plains, just in time to experience a breathtaking sunrise and catch a bird’s eye view of the reserve.

After the flight, you will be treated to a luxurious breakfast to complete the experience as you relax and absorb the moment.

Maasai Mara Village Visit

You’ve seen pictures of them – adorned with the brilliant red, blue and purple patterns of the shukas they wear. The men with their spears, tall and proud. The women bejeweled with bright beaded earrings and scarves. These are the some of the oldest inhabitants of East Africa, the Maasai people.

They live in small mud-thatched villages, surrounded by their cattle and smaller livestock. For hundreds of years the Masai have roamed these lands of Kenya, living a free, nomadic lifestyle. Their traditional lands now comprise much of Kenya’s national parks. A highlight of your safari vacation is a visit with these Maasai people. Many of the tribes welcome visitors to their villages to view up close their culture and lifestyle.

You may get to experience the villagers singing and dancing… and you might even be able to join in! The Maasai are known for their rhythmic call-and-response singing. Perhaps their most widely known dance is the adumu or “jumping dance”. The warriors form a circle with one person entering the center. This dancer will jump higher and higher to the rhythms of the singers. As he jumps higher the singers will raise the pitch of their voices.

Standing in muted contrast to the colourful villagers, you’ll see the browns and grays of the Maasai’s houses, called bomas. Small structures with thatched roofs, it is the job of the Maasai women to build these sturdy dwellings.


The Maasai Mara is more than a wilderness; it is a testament to the enduring connection between nature and culture, where wildlife and traditional lifestyles intertwine to create a landscape of unparalleled beauty and significance. Tano Bora, Tira, Scarface, Sikio, Morani, and the Great Wildebeest Migration are emblematic of the Mara’s timeless allure and the ongoing efforts to preserve its natural and cultural heritage for future generations. As visitors to this extraordinary ecosystem, we have the privilege and responsibility to appreciate its wonders, support its conservation, and celebrate the resilience of both its wildlife and human inhabitants.

In experiencing the Maasai Mara, we embark on a journey of discovery, where every encounter with wildlife and each interaction with the Maasai people deepens our appreciation for the interconnectedness of all life on Earth.

Wildebeests belong to family Bovidae.Wildebeests can grow to 2.4meters(8 feet)in length and weigh upto 270 kilograms (600 pounds).They typically inhabit Serengeti plains where they graze in grassy savannas and open woodlands of the plains which straddles the nations of Tanzania and Kenya.
In mara region April to July is a transitional period between rains and dry season whereby wildebeests start moving north towards maasai mara for greener pastures.Around 1.5 million wildebeests are known to migrate annually between Serengeti national park in tanzania and maasai mara reserve in Kenya. This process attracts lots of predators such as lions,hyenas,vultures,cheetahs and crocodiles.the lions and hyenas hide in the grassy mara plains as they wait to attack the wildebeests.the crocodiles takes advantage of the wildebeests as they cross mara river.River mara is deep and fast flowing with steep banks on either sides.The weaker animals are swept away by strong river currents while on the other hand the crocodile kills them by spots a potential victim,grasps it in its strong jaws and pulls it beneath the water surface,twists it and turns its head,shreds it into pieces and suffocates the life out of it.some wildebeests also dies out exhaustion,thirst and sickness.
In November the short rains begins and the wildebeests begin the journey back to Serengeti.about 250,000 wildebeests die during this journey to and fro.Between January and march around 500,000 wildebeests are born each year in Serengeti.

Maasai mara national reserve is found in Narok county where it shares border with Serengeti National park in Tanzania hence making it a continuation of the is a reserve meaning its totally unfenced and its run by the local county of narok.The park experiences hot and dry climate with a regular rainfall season twice an year. Most rain falls between march and may and during the short rainy season in November and December.
Between july and October the weather is dry making it the best time to see wildlife especially the wildebeests which are by then migrating from Serengeti national park to maasai mara reserve as they search for greener pastures.
The reserve has four entry gates which are ololomutiek,sekenani,talek and can get to the reserve by road or by air. By road from Nairobi its about five hours and by air one can take a scheduled flight from Wilson airport and jomo Kenyatta international airport in Nairobi which is about 45 minutes.The flight lands either at keekorok,olkiombo or musiara airstrip that serves at the park.