Kenya has a wide range of tour destinations for both local and international visitors. For anyone interested in wildlife, adventure, culture, or just to sunbathe at the beach, Kenya has all these packages.

If not visiting the wild animals in the national parks and game reserves or the landscape sceneries like those in the Great Rift Valley, one can visit the different Kenyan villages and see how Kenya has diverse and reach traditions and cultures that stem from different ethnic groups.

One may ask,

Is Kenya safe to visit?

Yes, Kenya is one of the most stable and safe countries to visit in east and central Africa.

Since becoming independent, Kenya has maintained political stability, which has created a good environment for tourists. Therefore, it’s a highly recommended place to visit. Kenya is divided in regions, and each region has its own tourist attraction sites:

1.     Nairobi Tour Destinations

Nairobi is the capital city of Kenya. It is one of the best places to visit in Kenya.

Nairobi is the only capital city with a national park in the world, making it a very attractive place to visit.

What are the best places to visit in Nairobi, kenya?

There are interesting places to visit in Nairobi other than the national park. Nairobi National Park, situated along Langata Road, is less than 15 minutes’ drive from the central business district. It is home to many wild animals; it has an animal orphanage area and a nature walk section.

The other interesting area to visit in Nairobi is the giraffe center. It is also located along Langata Road. Endangered Rothschild’s giraffes have called the giraffe center their home. It is a nice place for giraffe lovers to visit.

Other areas to visit within the Nairobi capital city are:

  • Kenya National Archives
  • Ngong Hills
  • Nairobi Rail Museum
  • The Nairobi National Museum
  • The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust (Takes care of the young elephants and rhinos.)

2.     The Kenyan Coast region | Most Tour Destinations

The coastal region has the best beaches for relaxing and sunbathing.

The first place one thinks of when we talk of the coast region is Mombasa. Mombasa is the beehive of activities in the coast region, especially with its port, making it a more of an entrance point to the coastal region, but you will always find wonderful places to visit, relax, and enjoy the stay.

Best Tour destinations to visit in Mombasa, Kenya

Fort Jesus is an iconic place to visit. This place has a rich history; having been built in 1593 by the Portuguese, you cannot learn the Swahili culture without mentioning the Fort Jesus.

Diani Beach is one of the best beaches to visit while in Mombasa. There are other beaches around Diani with good hotel facilities that one can choose from.

Lamu, in the coastal part of Kenya, is also a very good tourist attraction. To know the history of Lamu, you can always visit the following tour destinations:

  • Lamu Museum
  • The Lamu Fort
  • The German Post Office Museum
  • The Swahili House Museum.
  • To enjoy the sand dunes, Shela Town is a place to be in Lamu.
  • Kiunga Marine National Reserve – along the coastline is an attractive place to visit and enjoy the coastal sereneness of Lamu Town.

Kilifi, Malindi, and Watamu are areas with many beaches and Swahili cultures that one cannot afford to miss.

Taita Tavet, being part of the coastal region in terms of administration, is home to Tsavo National Park.

Tsavo National Park is divided into the east and west sides, but both have breathtaking scenery that leaves an impressive mark on the visitor.

3.     The Great Rift Valley

Rift Valley is the vast region of Kenya, stretching from the northern part (North Rift), the central rift, and the southern rift.

The landscape of the rift valley itself is just marvelous to look at since it brings about a wider range of tour destinations. Looking at the landscape of the rift valley is eye-catching in and of itself. Rift Valley takes up the junk portion of Kenya’s tourist attractions.

Wilderbeat Migration in Maasai mara

The great maasai mara that has the famous wilderbeast migration is found in the Rift valley, specifically in Narok. You can never go wrong when you pay a visit to the Maasai Mara National Park. The park has a lot of wild animals, and you can always get to see the big five in the mara.

Amboseli National Park

Amboseli National Park, which spreads to Kenya and Tanzania and is found in Kajiado, is another great place to visit.

Tour Destinations Kenya

It is worth noting that there are a significant number of lakes in the rift valley, which makes the region an attractive site for tourists.

Rife Valley Lakes

Another great tour destination is Lake Nakuru National Park, famously known for its flamingos. In the same vicinity, Lake Naivasha and Lake Elementaita are just a few minutes’ drive from each other.

Other Tour Destinations in The Great Rift Valley

Hells Gate, Menengai Craters, and Mount Longonot National Park are within a few hours of one another. Lake Bogoria, Lake Baringo, and Lake Turkana to the far north of the rift valley make a collection of lake bodies within the rift valley that have wonderful tourist areas and historical themes.

Lake Magadi, which has unique hot springs, still falls into the Great Rift Valley.

There are many historical museums that can be found in the Rift Valley. This includes the Kitale Museum, the Kapenguria Museum, and the Masaai Heritage Museum, among others. There are also nice water falls from the many rivers found in the region, countless conversancies, and aboretums. Mt. Elgon National Park, which is partly in Kenya and partly in Uganda, is another great part to visit within the rift valley. The mountain is the oldest known volcanic mountain in East Africa.

The park hosts animals like the elephats, bufalloes, antelopes, and many other wild animals and birds.

4.     The Mount Kenya Region

The Mount Kenya region, or the central part of Kenya, offers scenic tourist sites and a range of places to visit.

Mount Kenya is the tallest mountain in Kenya, providing a wonderful climate and environment for people and wildlife alike. The area has a lot of stunning water falls, hiking sites, national parks, conservancies, and nature walks.

The areas to visit include:

  • Mount Kenya National Park
  • Aberdare National Park
  • Zaina Falls
  • Ol Pejeta Conservancy
  • The Lewa Wildlife Conservancy that is found in Isiolo.

For lovers of mountain hiking, Mount Kenya is the best region to be. Meru National Park is also a tourist circuit that is found within the Mount Kenya region that you cannot go wrong when paying a visit.

5.     Tour Destinations in Western Region

The western region of Kenya borders Uganda and also has some wonderful tourist regions.

Kakamega Forest is a good place for nature lovers, as the forest has many natural tree species that are home to animals like bush pigs, hedgehogs, various monkey species, and birds for birding lovers.

As you go from Kakamega heading to Kisumu, you can also pass by the famous crying stone that is just along the Kakamega-Kisumu Road.

In the western region, there are also beaches along Busia that one can visit and relax at. These beaches include Bumbe Beach and Bukoma Beach.

You cannot be in the western region and miss visiting the Lake Victoria region. This is the largest freshwater lake in Africa. There are several islands and scenery to visit along Lake Victoria. We have Ruma National Park, Mfangano Island, and Rusinga Island, among other places.

6.     The northern region

The northern part of Kenya is known for low rainfall; hence, it is an arid and semi-arid region. However, this does not mean the region has no tourist places to visit.

The most common area you can visit in the northern region is the Samburu National Park. The park is famously known for its large elephants and other wild animals. The park also has some rear species of animals like gerenuk, reticulated giraffe, and Grévy’s zebra.

Apart from the Samburu National Park, the Shaba National Reserve is found in the northern region. It has rare species of animals, but the region has not been explored widely.

Located in Namunyak Wildlife Conservancy in Samburu County, northern Kenya, Reteti is the first indigenous owned and run elephant sanctuary.

Reteti was established in 2016 to help these young orphaned elephants – a representation of the local Samburu communities standing up united for wildlife, in recognition of their cultural and economic value.

The Reteti Elephant Sanctuary is a unique project bringing communities together through a shared respect and concern for wildlife. It lies within a 975,000-acre swath of thorny scrubland in Namunyak Wildlife Conservation Trust – part of the ancestral homeland of the Samburu people. Namunyak is supported and advised by the Northern Rangelands Trust, a local organization that works with 33 community conservancies to boost security, sustainable development, and wildlife conservation.

The Naumunyak wildlife conservation includes the Turkana, Rendille, Borana, and Somali, as well as the Samburu – ethnic groups that have fought to the death over the land and its resources. Now they’re working together to strengthen their communities and protect the elephant population.

In spite of the fact that elephant poaching, has fallen significantly in the conservancies around Reteti, elephant calves are still sometimes orphaned or abandoned due to poaching, falling into wells, drought (potentially causing mothers to stop lactating), human-wildlife conflict and natural mortality. Around five to ten calves are saved in northern Kenya every year, from a populace of more than 8,000. Within the sanctuary, young animals are treated and cared for by the dedicated keeper team, recruited from the local communities. A mobile elephant rescue unit, with exceptionally trained staff, returns lost calves directly to their family whenever it can, and also works with surrounding communities to raise awareness and mitigate human/wildlife conflict.

This oasis where orphans grow up, learning to be wild so that one day they can rejoin their herds, is as much about the people as it is about elephants. Reteti is also empowering Samburu women to be the first-ever women elephant keepers in all of Africa. At first, the community didn’t think there was a place for women in the workplace. Now, the success of these women elephant keepers is unlocking new possibilities and setting a powerful example for girls hoping to pursue their dreams. It’s also changing how the community relates to elephants. Schoolchildren who have never seen an elephant before or who were afraid of elephants visit Reteti and experience these elephants up close. They then realize they can grow up to be a veterinarian or an elephant keeper.

Feeding elephants at Reteti

Visiting hours are between 8.30 a.m. and10 a.m. and between 11.30 a.m. and 1p.m. It is important that you arrive promptly at 8.30 a.m. or 11.30 a.m. for the full experience. Visiting the Sanctuary is not only an incredible addition to your safari but one of the best ways to safeguard the wildlife in the area, as well as supporting the local community dedicated to protecting them. Guests get an exclusive opportunity to witness feeding and playtime at the Sanctuary, as well as an in-depth look behind the scenes.

Nay Palad Bird Nest

Overlooking the African wilderness, the Nay Palad Bird Nest is a luxurious safari lodge, located in the wilds of Kenya – a raised suite that offers 360-degree views over the surrounding plains of Laikipia.

Built totally above ground, this unique retreat is part of the Segera Retreat, a 60,000-acre wildlife sanctuary in the Laikipia plains in Kenya. Nay Palad Bird Nest is a collaboration between Segera, Nay Palad and the architect Daniel Pouzet. It is two stories, constructed with interwoven natural tree branches and a viewing platform on top so guests can get 360-degree views of elephants and giraffes while they’re taking their morning coffee.

The nest is lit with lanterns and champagne and delicious food set out on the open-air top level of the nest. Inviting beds (either open-air or within the shelter of the first floor) are prepared with soft linens and hot water bottles, ready for the night ahead. From the comfort of the nest, guests will watch a sunset, feast on a picnic-style dinner and fall asleep under the starry sky. To wake up to the sounds of wild animals and a view as far the eye can see makes for a wonderful experience.

Inside the Nay Palad Bird Nest are all the modern amenities you’d want in a luxury hotel. The suite has one bathroom with solar-heated running water. Guests can either choose an indoor double bed on the lower floor or open-air accommodations on the second floor if they want to sleep under the stars. Both beds, of course, are dressed with deluxe linens and warmed with hot water bottles.

The Nay Palad Bird Nest is designed for a romantic night for two. The place is perfect for a couple, but it can be made to accommodate a small family, with children enjoying the adventure of sleeping out in the Nest while the parents cozy up in the bedroom.

The Nay Palad Bird Nest is ideal for a one night stay after a wildlife drive or a bush walk in the plains of Laikipia. In the morning elephants, giraffes and other animals can often be seen drinking at the nearby river from the nest.

 

 

whitewater rafting

Fancy an adrenaline rush? Admire Nature’s glorious spectacle amid the calm, tranquil waters of the amazing Tana River before taking on the vibrant, spirited and extreme Class IV/V rapids.

Whitewater rafting is the ultimate group adventure. It combines time outside with teamwork, camaraderie and excitement. Nothing promotes teamwork like paddling together down a class IV rapid.  Nothing enhances connections like spending a day working in unison to avoid obstacles or challenging waves.  Nothing relieves stress like being outside, focusing on the river and experiencing excitement!

White water rafting has been available in Kenya for more than 20 years, on the Tana, Mathioya and Athi rivers. The Tana River (also known as the Sagana) is the biggest in Kenya, with intense class IV and V rapids that make it an ultimate location for intrepid white-water enthusiasts.

If you have not been to Tana River, then you are missing out a lifetime experience. Located in Sagana, about an hour-and-a-half drive from Nairobi on the scenic Nairobi-Nyeri highway, Tana River is a beehive of activities and an excellent opportunity to enjoy white water rafting.

Tana’s rapids range from class II to V, meaning the water is calm in some places and raging in others. Depending on the water level, you may have to get out at some points where it’s too low or too high, and put in further downstream.

The adventure starts with a 3 km stretch of easy class II and III white water, where there is plenty of opportunity to practice the paddle skills required to run the lower part of the river. The next 5.9km of the trip offer a relaxed setting to view the birdlife around. You can take a dip in the warm waters here if you want. The final 7km of the river present the three ultimate rapids (class IV and V) with names like Captain Folly, Can of Worms and Sphincter Flexor. Rafting through these rapids will leave the adrenaline coursing through your veins like never before!

Another excellent whitewater spot is the nearby Mathioya River. Experienced paddlers love this narrow, low-volume river with five miles of continuous class IV white water. Offering the country’s most technical whitewater, the Mathioya drops 1476 feet in 22 km and offers a non-stop thrill ride.

Rafting is only available on this river during the rainy seasons (mid-April to mid-June, or October and November). 3-4 hours of rafting accompanied by professional guides and the right equipment guarantee you a good time!

And it doesn’t end there. The bountiful Athi River combines exhilarating whitewater with stunning views of African wildlife in its natural habitat. By rafting the section of the Athi that borders Tsavo National Park, you’ll have the opportunity to view elephants, crocodiles, monkeys, baboons and hippos. Talk about killing two birds with one stone!

Outfitters of whitewater rafting on Tana River include Savage Wilderness Safaris (one of Kenya’s professional whitewater rafting outfitters) and Rapids Camp.

At Savage Wilderness Camp there are a multitude of adventure activities including kayaking/rock climbing/bungee jumping/mountain biking and the list goes on! They offer multi-day packages with many activities included.

The rafting adventure is available for persons with a minimum age of 18years. In case of persons under the age of 18 they must be accompanied by a legal guardian, or in lieu of a legal guardian, by an escort over the age of 18, appointed by their legal guardian. The min age for the whole section is 14 years old.

 

 

Looking for something a little more exhilarating this weekend? There’s loads to get your pulse racing at the forest.

From a thrilling paintball experience to being catapulted by the world class zip lines in a human slingshot, the forest is designed to give you an adrenalin rush. So, get off your hammock and have a go – if you think you’re brave enough.

Situated in the heart of the Aberdare Ranges, in Kereita Forest, the forest provides an array of activities that will cater to your spirit of adventure, only a short distance from the city.

Paintball

Paintballing at the forest

Shoot and splutter to come out on top. Pick a team, get kitted out and start dodging exploding paint balls in one of the most exhilarating activities. The Forest Paintball is a terrific team activity in a fun and safe environment. It also teaches valuable principles such as delegation, communication, motivation, strategy and trust; all perfect for team building exercises.

Every member of your team counts and participation is a must……Shoot or be spluttered in sticky paint. The atmosphere provided by the forest which ranges from thick woodland areas, to large open areas, to vantage points, which gives you the chance to get into the situations that will get excitement rushing through you as you scramble to win.

Mountain biking

mountain biking at the forest

A ride through the Forest’s enchanting routes will take you through the diverse landscapes of open grasslands and winding tracks through hills and streams. The Forest also has some top-notch purpose-built trails and for the willing, demanding circuits which offer sweeping corners and exciting jumps.

Whether you are looking for adrenaline pumping trails or a more subdued family ride out in the picturesque countryside, you are sure to find a biking adventure to cater to your desire.

Archery

Whether you are looking for a competitive sport to compete in or just a fun day out this ancient pastime is an enduring favorite at the Forest.

Foot Golf

It is an interesting game, to say the least, Players kick the ball to score in a hole. Just like the way you would play golf only this time you will be using your foot and not a Golf Stick to kick the “Golf” (Ball) into a hole. No Soccer or Golf Skills needed, go play the game and have fun in the forest with your friends.

Camping

What could be more thrilling than camping in the forest as you connect with nature in the most natural way possible.

Fly fishing

The Forest offers a fantastic location for you to try your hand at fly-fishing. The Gatemayo River is well stocked with the beautiful rainbow trout, a popular game fish for fly fishers. The river is surrounded with pools and rapids that provide a tranquil to fish in peace and quiet.

Horse Riding

Ride a Horse at the lush green grass in and out of the forest in a different but incredibly thrilling way.

Zip Lining

Revel in a hair-raising aerial expedition that is guaranteed to get your heart racing. Glide like a bird over the stunning forest with breathtaking views on East Africa’s longest zipline. The world-class zip-lines installed and managed by Flying Fox, have a carrying capacity of a maximum of 115 kilograms and are operated under European Union safety regulations. The zipline is the main event and it is more than 2 Kilometers long, the longest zipline in East and Central Africa.

The Forest has character and marvel in plenitude, and everything can be assimilated at the eatery and parlor at the adventure center. The view delights as far as the eye can see into the Aberdare Ranges and on a reasonable radiant day, Mount Kenya is magnificently apparent. Regardless of whether you want to test the mouthwatering barbecue to dining in an elegant space, the forest has everything to enchant your taste buds.

 

Red Colubus Monkey in Tana river primate reserve

This stunning reserve situated in Bohoni town in the coastal area of Kenya is characterized by woodlands, savannah grasslands and riparian forests. The reserve, which is known to the local people as Mchelelo, was established in 1976 to protect the remaining forest along the Tana River and the most threatened primate species, which are; the Tana River Red Colobus and the Tana River Mangabey, both endemic to the forests of lower Tana River. These species are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, which has increased in recent years.

It is also one of the last remaining relics of the once enormous Central African Lowland rainforest, that became detached from the rest of the forest during the seismic eruptions that caused the formation of the Rift Valley. As a result, much of the reserve’s flora and fauna are unusual to East Africa and bear traces of ancient links to the Congo Basin forests of the Miocene period.

This wonderful river primate reserve is home to many wildlife species such as hartebeest on the Eastern banks, Mangebay, red-tailed colobus monkey, hippos, buffalos, Nile crocodiles, zebras, Masai giraffes, Oryx, lesser kudu, pythons, Sykes monkey and yellow baboons.

The rare and seriously endangered, Tana River red colobus is one of 14 separate species of colobus, distributed across Africa. A relatively large member of the colobus family, the Tana River red is an elusive and exclusively arboreal and diurnal monkey, which lives in the evergreen closed canopy of the gallery forest, where it subsists on young leaves, fruit and flowers. Living in groups of approximately ten individuals the Tana River red colobus actually appears predominantly grey. It has a black face, conspicuous whiskers and the only red colouration on its body is the slight rufous tinge on the top of its head.

One of four types of river mangabey found in Africa, the crested mangabey lives in the riverine forests that border the Tana River. With a yellow-brown back, white under parts and dark-grey hands, feet and tail, the crested mangabey gets its name from the conspicuous crest on its forehead. Diurnal, arboreal, but mostly terrestrial, the mangabey lives in large multi-male multi-female social groups of up to 60 animals and spends most of its time foraging for food low in the forest.

Be lucky to sight some rare exotic birds from over 260 species of birds like African open billed stork, bat hawk, golden pipit, pygmy falcon, African barren owlet, glossy starling, white-winged Apalis, open-billed stork, scaly babbler, red-tailed ant thrush, black-bellied starling and martial.

The forest also supports a rich array of mammals, a high number of reptiles and amphibian species, as well as a number of rare plants, some of which are unique to this area. visitors with a distinct fascination for primates and birdlife can look forward to a gala time here.

The riverine forests are home to the Pokomo people, who farm the banks of the river using mainly the ox-bows to grow rice immediately adjacent to the water; and maize further back. Large areas of the forest have, as a result, been felled to make way for further cultivation. The Pokomo also use the forest for timber and traditional medicines.

Decades of uncontrolled poaching, extending human settlements, global warming and environmental changes have negatively affected the global wildlife population – and Kenya is no exception, with African savanna elephants being especially hit hard, with their numbers plunging by no less than 60% during the last 50 years.

Kenya on May 7, 2021 dispatched its first ever National Wildlife Census covering both land and Aquatic natural life. The two-month practice is fully funded by the Government of Kenya and will be executed by the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife, Kenya Wildlife Service and the newly created Wildlife Research &Training Institute.

The ambitious exercise, covers major species in more than 50 of Kenya’s national parks and reserves as well as private and community conservancies, and includes marine life. A significant part of the existing data on the country’s wildlife population are gathered individually by local advocacy groups or international conservationists, contributing to a scattershot approach to wildlife protection.

The registration will be completed in Kenya’s Conservation regions and key wildlife rich counties. Cabinet Secretary for Tourism and Wildlife Hon. Najib Balala presided over the census official launch at Shimba Hills National Reserve in Kwale County. Speaking during the Launch Hon. Balala said, “The information generated during the census will support implementation of Government of Kenya conservation and tourism policies and support tools for adaptive management.” It will also be used in addressing challenges facing wildlife in the country.

The Cabinet Secretary said the number and distribution of rare and threatened species listed in Schedule Six of the Wildlife Conservation and Management Act, 2013 require regular monitoring using standard methods. Hon Balala noted that Kenya has never undertaken a one-off national survey to establish a baseline of the wildlife status and distribution in the country. “It is therefore important to undertake this National Survey to establish a baseline data on wildlife population status and distribution for future use to understand wildlife population trends and shifts in their distribution,” he said.

Kenya Wildlife Service Director General Brigadier (Rtd) John Waweru assured that the KWS and Wildlife Research & Training Institute teams undertaking the census are professional and up to the task, and promised that the exercise will be undertaken with the highest level of professionalism. Brigadier (Rtd) Waweru further stated that the resources allocated by the National Government through the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife will be used prudently, following relevant laws and regulations.

The Acting Director of Wildlife Research & Training Institute Dr. Patrick Omondi said the census will follow standard methods to count different species of Terrestrial and Aquatic wildlife.

The Launch was attended by the Principals Secretaries of State Departments of Wildlife and Tourism Prof. Fred Segor and Safina Kweke respectively. The acting chairpersons of KWS Board of Trustees and Wildlife Research & Training Institute Ms. Betty Maitoyo, and Dr. Winnie Kiiru respectively also graced the occasion.

 

Dream of Africa and chances are you dream of Maasai Mara. The Maasai Mara, a sprawling savannah in southwestern Kenya, is not just a wildlife sanctuary but a testament to the intricate interplay between nature and culture. Its name evokes images of endless grasslands dotted with acacia trees, where some of Africa’s most iconic wildlife roam freely. Maasai Mara is also home to the Maasai people, whose rich traditions and deep connection to the land add layers of meaning to this vast ecosystem.

It is the home to Africa’ Big Five species, as well as an abundance of other wildlife, including wildebeest, cheetah, hyena, giraffe and many more. It borders the Serengeti National Park Tanzania. The “Big Five,” symbolize the apex predators that dominate these lands. Lions, with their majestic manes and powerful presence, roam the savannah, embodying both grace and ferocity. Leopards, elusive and solitary, navigate the acacia trees with stealth and precision. Elephants, the gentle giants, traverse the Mara River in search of water and sustenance, their familial bonds and intricate social structures reflecting the complex dynamics of life in the wild. Buffalos, resilient and formidable, graze in large herds, while rhinoceroses, endangered and awe-inspiring, are a poignant reminder of the conservation challenges faced in protecting these majestic creatures.

Often described as nature’s greatest spectacles, the great migration is one of Africa’s dramatic stories. This occurs every year between July and October where more than 1.5 million wildebeests, zebras, gazelles and elands move mysteriously from the Serengeti in Tanzania to Maasai Mara in Kenya in search of grass and water. The Mara River, with its treacherous currents and lurking predators, becomes a pivotal point in their journey, where dramatic crossings test their endurance and instincts. The migration not only showcases the resilience of these animals but also underscores the Mara’s role as a critical habitat and migration corridor for countless species. This mass movement is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

From the western Serengeti the herds head north, following the rains (or their effects) into Kenya and the Maasai Mara Game Reserve. On their trek the wildebeests’ path is cut several times by rivers: in the Serengeti by the Mbalangeti and the Grumeti, and in Kenya by the Mara. For most of the year these rivers are relatively placid, but they can become violent torrents in response to rainfall in their catchment areas, and then they present major obstacles to the progress of the wildebeest.

Wildebeest arrive at the Mara River in their tens of thousands, and gather waiting to cross. For days their numbers can be building up and anticipation grows but many times, for no apparent reason, they turn and wander away from the water’s edge.

Eventually the wildebeest will choose a crossing point, something that can vary from year to year and cannot be predicted with any accuracy. Once on the grasslands of the Maasai Mara, the wildebeest spend several months feeding and fattening once more, taking advantage of the scattered distribution of green pastures and isolated rainstorms.

A remarkable feature of their wanderings is their ability to repeatedly find areas of good grazing, no matter how far apart. The physiology of the wildebeest is such that it has been designed by evolution to travel large distances very quickly and economically, apparently requiring no more energy to run a certain distance than to trudge along at walking pace. Every facet of its life and behavior is designed to save time – wildebeest even mate on the move, and newborns are, as we have seen, up and running in minutes.

While the wildebeest are drawn into migrating by the needs of their stomachs, the fact that they’re constantly on the move has the added benefit that they outmarch large numbers of predators. The predators are unable to follow the moving herds very far, for many are territorial and can neither abandon their territories nor invade those of others. Moreover, the young of most predators are highly dependent upon their mothers, who can’t move very far from them.

The Mara is not only famed due to wildebeest’s migration but also to unique sightings such as Tira, Tano Bora and the iconic Scarface.

Nicknamed after the driver guide that spotted the stunning dark-skinned zebra with black spotted polka dots, Tira was such an eye – catching sight. Tira’s black spots are due to pseudomelanism – a rare genetic mutation in the stripes pattern.

Tano Bora (the 5 musketeers or the 5 brothers) which means ‘Magnificent Five’ is a coalition of five male cheetahs that have claimed Mara as their stomping ground and have become popular for their incredible take downs of huge prey and their hunting prowess. Tano Bora have challenged so many assumptions about typical cheetah behaviour. Typically, once reaching adulthood, a male cheetah becomes solitary or joins another to form a pair. It is very rare to see a group this large bonding together. The Tano Bora are now four after Olpadan, formerly the leader of the pack left the coalition. After he lost one of his testicles in a fight with males in March 2019, his rank dropped. From the decision maker and leader of the group, he became the last in the chain and the last one to join the meal.

Owing to one scar in his right eye, Scarface is the oldest and most sought-after lion in the Mara. His machismo is legendary and coupled with his sturdy looks – a black exceptional mane that sweeps back from his forehead- Scarface is the face of survival and resiliencee. Scarface earned his moniker in 2012 when he lost his right eyelid while making a territorial grab with his three brothers Sikio, Morani and Hunter. Scarface died in June 2021 at the age of 14 of natural causes.

The Mara offers such breathtaking moments – an experience in the Mara is never the same from previous encounters. Each day offers a rewarding experience. Other rewarding activities are a balloon safari and a visit to the Mara village.

Maasai Mara Ballon Safari

The trip is magical, spend about one hour silently floating over the savannah in a hot air balloon and it will fill you with enough memories to last a lifetime. You take off in the wee hours of the morning, float in the sky, drifting with the whim of the wind, overlooking the plains, just in time to experience a breathtaking sunrise and catch a bird’s eye view of the reserve.

After the flight, you will be treated to a luxurious breakfast to complete the experience as you relax and absorb the moment.

Maasai Mara Village Visit

You’ve seen pictures of them – adorned with the brilliant red, blue and purple patterns of the shukas they wear. The men with their spears, tall and proud. The women bejeweled with bright beaded earrings and scarves. These are the some of the oldest inhabitants of East Africa, the Maasai people.

They live in small mud-thatched villages, surrounded by their cattle and smaller livestock. For hundreds of years the Masai have roamed these lands of Kenya, living a free, nomadic lifestyle. Their traditional lands now comprise much of Kenya’s national parks. A highlight of your safari vacation is a visit with these Maasai people. Many of the tribes welcome visitors to their villages to view up close their culture and lifestyle.

You may get to experience the villagers singing and dancing… and you might even be able to join in! The Maasai are known for their rhythmic call-and-response singing. Perhaps their most widely known dance is the adumu or “jumping dance”. The warriors form a circle with one person entering the center. This dancer will jump higher and higher to the rhythms of the singers. As he jumps higher the singers will raise the pitch of their voices.

Standing in muted contrast to the colourful villagers, you’ll see the browns and grays of the Maasai’s houses, called bomas. Small structures with thatched roofs, it is the job of the Maasai women to build these sturdy dwellings.

 

The Maasai Mara is more than a wilderness; it is a testament to the enduring connection between nature and culture, where wildlife and traditional lifestyles intertwine to create a landscape of unparalleled beauty and significance. Tano Bora, Tira, Scarface, Sikio, Morani, and the Great Wildebeest Migration are emblematic of the Mara’s timeless allure and the ongoing efforts to preserve its natural and cultural heritage for future generations. As visitors to this extraordinary ecosystem, we have the privilege and responsibility to appreciate its wonders, support its conservation, and celebrate the resilience of both its wildlife and human inhabitants.

In experiencing the Maasai Mara, we embark on a journey of discovery, where every encounter with wildlife and each interaction with the Maasai people deepens our appreciation for the interconnectedness of all life on Earth.

This are omnivorous animals that live in troops. They have arms that are longer than legs. In trees they climb with their long, powerful arms and on the ground they knuckle-walk (walk on all fours) clenching their fists and supporting themselves on knuckle. Their feet have broader soles and shorter toes suited for walking. They can stand and walk upright. Chimpanzees are tailless and its body is covered with black hair. The face, fingers, palms of hands, ears and sole of feet are hairless. Exposed skin of face, ears, hands and feet varies from pink to very dark although its lighter in younger individuals and darkens with maturity. They can move in trees by swinging from one tree to another. Chimpanzees are arboreal and terrestrial. They mostly search for food during the day.the males are aggressive and highly terrestrial to an extent of killing each other. They communicate non verbally using hand gestures and facial expression.
They construct new nests daily by lacing together branches from one or more trees ensuring the nest is comfortable and safe to sleep on. They use tools such as trees to dig into termite mound, stones as hammers to break nuts and insert leaves into termite mound where termite crawl into the leaf and the chimpanzee lick them off. They also use chewed leaves as sponge to soak up water and then drink water from the soaked leaf.
Females have estrus cycle of 34-35 days and while on heat, bare skin on her bottom becomes pink and swollen. The females give their young ones great attention and help each other with babysitting chores. The young ones learn survival techniques by watching their mother. Adult chimpanzee have special companion with which it spends most of its time with. They hold hands and groom each other.

These are herbivores animals with curved ringed horns, tan or reddish brown coat and white trump. They are social animals that herd in large groups. Since they feed in open grassland, they are prone to attack from predators hence they are always alert and sensitive to presence of other animals. They rely on their speed to escape from predators. They can reach speed of about 60mph in short bursts and sustain speed of 30-40mph. when running, they stiffly spring into the air with all four feet.
They live in hot,dry savannahs and deserts and to stay hydrated vin this environments, they shrink their heart and liver. Smaller heart and liver needs less oxygen and so the animal can breathe less and loose less water.