This are omnivorous animals that live in troops. They have arms that are longer than legs. In trees they climb with their long, powerful arms and on the ground they knuckle-walk (walk on all fours) clenching their fists and supporting themselves on knuckle. Their feet have broader soles and shorter toes suited for walking. They can stand and walk upright. Chimpanzees are tailless and its body is covered with black hair. The face, fingers, palms of hands, ears and sole of feet are hairless. Exposed skin of face, ears, hands and feet varies from pink to very dark although its lighter in younger individuals and darkens with maturity. They can move in trees by swinging from one tree to another. Chimpanzees are arboreal and terrestrial. They mostly search for food during the day.the males are aggressive and highly terrestrial to an extent of killing each other. They communicate non verbally using hand gestures and facial expression.
They construct new nests daily by lacing together branches from one or more trees ensuring the nest is comfortable and safe to sleep on. They use tools such as trees to dig into termite mound, stones as hammers to break nuts and insert leaves into termite mound where termite crawl into the leaf and the chimpanzee lick them off. They also use chewed leaves as sponge to soak up water and then drink water from the soaked leaf.
Females have estrus cycle of 34-35 days and while on heat, bare skin on her bottom becomes pink and swollen. The females give their young ones great attention and help each other with babysitting chores. The young ones learn survival techniques by watching their mother. Adult chimpanzee have special companion with which it spends most of its time with. They hold hands and groom each other.

These are herbivores animals with curved ringed horns, tan or reddish brown coat and white trump. They are social animals that herd in large groups. Since they feed in open grassland, they are prone to attack from predators hence they are always alert and sensitive to presence of other animals. They rely on their speed to escape from predators. They can reach speed of about 60mph in short bursts and sustain speed of 30-40mph. when running, they stiffly spring into the air with all four feet.
They live in hot,dry savannahs and deserts and to stay hydrated vin this environments, they shrink their heart and liver. Smaller heart and liver needs less oxygen and so the animal can breathe less and loose less water.

These are mammals mostly known to be grazers feeding on grasses, berries, barks of trees and also roots. They occasionally feed on dead flesh whenever there’s no food to eat. They have bumps on the head which is a thick patch of skin used for protection during fights. They have a thick mane on their back. They often look for already abandoned dens to make homes. Mostly they live in dens made by aardvarks. Warthogs can go for months without drinking water.
Female warthogs are social animals and they live in groups of about 40 members. They group each other and crowd together at night for warmth. On the other hand, adult males are not social and can be territorial. They search for food during the day. When threatened, the warthog can be quite fast at a speed of about 30 miles per hour. They ran with their tail up in the air heading direct into their dens sticking their tusks at the entrance for security. At times they face the attacker with their tusks and bite them with their sharp teeth.
The ox peckers and other birds ride on warthog’s body to eat insects off their bodies. Warthogs wallow in mud to get rid of insects and cool down on a hot day since they don’t have sweat glands to cool themselves. They kneel on front knees to feed since they have short neck and long legs.

This is an antelope that is characterized by a striking reddish – brown coat, black and white markings, white yellow stripes and long slightly spiraled horns. Bongo is a herbivorous animal and well known to be nocturnal though occasionally it becomes diurnal ungulate. Both males and females have horns. It is the 3rd largest forest antelope. It has a long prehensile tongue that it uses to grasp grasses and leaves. In Kenya it can be mostly seen in Mt Kenya national park. They have large ears used for sharp hearing. Their distinctive coloration helps them identify one another in their dark forest habitat. Theit lips are white topped with a black muzzle.

It is located in the south eastern part of Kenya. It was established to protect lower tana river forest and the two endangered species of monkey which are crested mangbey and the red colobus monkey. The river forest cuts through the dry woodland and the open savannah. This national reserve has rare species of birds such as white wingled apalis, open bill stork, martial eagle, bat hawk, pygmy falcon, and barred owlet. Mammals, amphibians and reptiles are also within the reserve.

Zebras are single hoofed animals that have white coat with black stripes on their body. Each zebra has a different pattern of stripes. The stripes helps in camouflage of the animal in long grasses as well as distract the predators. There are three species of zebras;
1. grevy zebra they have thin stripes
2. plain zebra have brownish shadow stripes between black stripes
3. mountain zebra have vertical stripes on the neck and torso, and horizontal stripes on its haunches.
Zebras are fast moving animals that move in large herds for protection from the predators. They are herbivorous animals that feed on grass, shrubs, twigs and leaves. They sleep while standing.

• Antelopes belong to family Bovidae while the deer belong to family Cervida
• Antelopes have permanent horns while male deers have antlers which they shed and grow annually.
• The antelope horns aren’t branched while the antlers of a deer are branched
The antelope and deer are even toed ungulates

Turkana is a hot,dry and desert area with thorn trees all over. The roads are rough hence being advised to use a 4WD car when travelling. The distance from Nairobi is around 700KM by road and around 500km by air. the various tourist attractions in turkana are;
1. Lake turkana this is the world’s largest permanent alkaline desert lake with the largest world population of Nile crocodiles.
2. Central island national park this is a volcanic island located in the middle of Lake Turkana. it is made up of 3 crater lakes which are flamingo lake, crocodile lake and tilapia lake with each lake providing breeding grounds of the animal its name stands for.
3. Loiyangalani desert museum it is located on a hill providing information about the 8 communities living within lake turkana which are; El-molo, Rendille, Samburu, Gabbra, Boran, Watta, dassanash.
4. Koobi fora this is an anthropological and archaeological site found on the eastern shore of lake turkana.
5. Sibiloi national park it is on the eastern shore of lake turkana and was established to protect the petrified cedar forest, wildlife and the unique prehistoric and archeological sites linked to origin of man. The park is waterless except for the alkaline lake.
6. Eliye springs resort it is on the western shore of the lake. It is a fishing destination among other activities such as boat riding.

Saiwa swamp national park is located in tranzoia county near kitale town. It is managed by the Kenya wildlife service and it is known to be the smallest park in Kenya covering an area of 3km. this park was started as a habitat for sitatunga which is a rare aquatic antelope.
Sitatunga
This is an antelope that stands 1.5m tall and have shaggy waterproof coats. It has long legs and elongated hooves that allow them to outrun danger in swamps making them less swift on land. They are good swimmers and hide underwater when danger threatens with just the tip of the nose showing.

Lake bogoria is a saline,alkaline lake and it lies in a volcanic region. It has no surface outlet and so the water become saline mainly through evaporation . along the bank of the lake and in the lake we have geysers and hotsprings that can be viewed as they occur. Lesser flamingoes are in large numbers within the lake.